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Going Native Plant Sale 2018

Are you inspired to turn your yard into critical habitat for local wildlife and pollinators? You can order high quality native plants to be picked up right here in Harpswell, while supporting Harpswell Heritage Land Trust. Order plants online, via email or mail or at our Going Native event. Please pick up your plants on Saturday, May 19 between 2 and 4 p.m. at Harpswell Heritage Land Trust, 153 Harpswell Neck Road. A portion of the sales price will be donated to Harpswell Heritage Land Trust. Plants come from O’Donal’s Nursery. All plants are guaranteed. O’Donal’s will replace them if they fail. No cash refunds.

This year we are offering a selection of perennial flowers, groundcovers, and shrubs or small trees, with a special emphasis on edible qualities and shoreline use.

A note about cultivars:
A few of the plants we are offering are cultivars. A cultivar refers to a plant developed due to intentional human activity or cultivation – usually the application of careful breeding and selection for desirable characteristics (the word was coined by L.H. Bailey in 1923 from cultivated varieties). Most of our food crops are cultivars that have been selected for characteristics such as improved yield, flavor and resistance to disease. Plants that have evolved in the wild do not have a cultivar designation. There are benefits to choosing native plants without a cultivar designation. There is more natural genetic variation in non-cultivars, and this variation is a species’ best strategy for adapting to future environmental conditions. Additionally, some cultivars have been selected for characteristics that are attractive to people but do not benefit the animals that depend on them. The decision of whether or not to use cultivars in a native or natural landscape is made by each gardener.

Please note that all orders must be received by April 17 and payment is due at pick up on May 19 between 2 and 4 p.m.

Ready to order? You can do so in several ways.

  1. Click here to order online.
  2. Click here to download an order form. You can fill out this form and either drop it off at 153 Harpswell Neck Road, mail it to HHLT Plant Sale, PO Box 359, Harpswell, ME 04079, or scan and e-mail it to outreach@hhltmaine.org.

Perennial Flowers

Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia fulgida ‘Goldsturm’)

Dimensions: 2-3 ft high, 1-2 ft spread
Growing conditions: moist, well-drained soils in full sun, although will tolerate some light shade and, once established, dry or drought conditions
Bloom time: July, August, September
Features: slowly spreads in the garden by rhizomes; hardiness and long blooming time makes it one of the best plants to include in a low maintenance border; flowers attract butterflies and other pollinators, seed heads attract birds (no dead heading!), deer resistant
Pot size: 1 gallon
Price: $10.99

Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum)

Dimensions: 3-4 ft high, 1½-2 ft spread
Growing conditions: medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade; does well in both sandy and clay soils
Bloom time: August, September
Features: tiny, white flowers arranged in fuzzy clusters top the stems; large plant for the back of the border or in naturalized areas; nectar attracts pollinators and butterflies, deer resistant
Pot size: 1 gallon
Price: $11.99

Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa)

Dimensions: 2-3 ft high, 1-2 ft spread
Growing conditions: evenly moist to slightly dry, well drained sandy soil as well as poor, gravely soil; full sun
Bloom time: summer
Features: long lasting yellow-orange blooms in flat topped clusters; good cut flower; attracts beneficial pollinators, butterflies, humming- birds, and song birds, host plant for butterfly larva, deer resistant
Pot size: 1 gallon
Price: $14.99

Canadian columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

Dimensions: 2-3 ft high, 1-2 ft spread
Growing conditions: moist, well drained soils in full sun to part shade; appropriate for shoreline placement
Bloom time: May, June
Features: self sows to form large colonies; fernlike foliage with graceful nodding flowers excellent choice for naturalizing in woodlands or edges of woodland areas; attracts hummingbirds and butterflies, not rabbits or deer
Pot size: 1 gallon
Price: $10.99

Cardinal flower (Lobelia cardinalis)

Dimensions: 2-4 ft high, 1-2 ft spread
Growing conditions: acidic to neutral well drained soils in light shade to full sun; tolerates wet conditions
Bloom time: July, August, September
Features: tall spikes of brilliant, rich red flower attract pollinators, butterflies, and hummingbirds; good choice to line the edges of streams, ponds, or swampy areas; will self sow
Pot size: 1 gallon
Price: $11.99

Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

Dimensions: 2-4 ft high, 1-2 ft spread
Growing conditions: prefers full sun, rich loamy soil, and moist conditions, but tolerates a variety including partial sun and a high clay or sand content in the soil; shoreline tolerant
Bloom time: June, July, August
Features: flowers attract pollinators, butterflies, and hummingbirds; host plant for Monarch butterfly larva, avoided by mammalian herbivores
Pot size: 1 gallon
Price: $11.99

Gayfeather or blazing star (Liatris ligulistylis)

Dimensions: 2-4 ft high, 1-3 ft spread
Growing conditions: dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun; somewhat tolerant of poor soils; prefers dry, sandy or rocky, alkaline soils
Bloom time: August, September
Features: upright, clump forming; flowers attract butterflies
Pot size: 1 gallon
Price: $11.99

Ironweed (Vernonia noveboracensis)

Dimensions: 4-7 ft high, 3-4 ft spread
Growing conditions: tolerates wide range of soils but prefers rich, moist, slightly acidic soils in full sun; overall plant height may be reduced by cutting back stems nearly to the ground in late spring
Bloom time: August, September
Features: purple flowerheads attract butterflies and other beneficial insects feed on the nectar and pollen; nice cut flower
Pot size: 1 gallon
Price: $10.99

 Turtlehead (Chelone obliqua)

Dimensions: 2-3 ft high, 1-2 ft spread
Growing conditions: medium wet soil in full or part sun; tolerates erosion and clay soil
Bloom time: August, September
Features: stiffly erect and clump forming; native to moist woods and stream margins; attracts butterflies
Pot size: 1 gallon
Price: $11.99

Wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

Dimensions: 1-2 ft high, 1-2 ft spread
Growing conditions: evenly moist to slightly dry, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade
Bloom time: May, June
Features: tall and spreading clump forming masses or drifts make a loose canopy; tolerates some intrusion by grass; attracts butterflies but not rabbits or deer
Pot size: 1 gallon
Price: $10.99

Groundcovers

American or bog cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon)

Dimensions: 1 ft high, 3-4 ft spread
Growing conditions: well drained soil in full to part sun
Bloom time: spring
Features: wetland loving, spreading or trailing form; edible puckery, shiny red fruit prized for preserves, sauces, and juices
Pot size: 1 gallon
Price: $18.99

Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi ‘Massachusetts’)

Dimensions: 3-8 in high, 4-6 ft spread
Growing conditions: dry to medium soils in full to part sun
Bloom time: April, May, June
Features: tough, durable, spreading evergreen groundcover recommended for shoreline areas and erosion control; low-growing, mat-like habit; bright red berries persist into winter and are favored by wildlife
Pot size: 1 gallon
Price: $18.99

Lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)

Dimensions: 8-24 in high, 3 ft spread
Growing conditions: can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or full sun; prefers dry or moist soil
Bloom time: May
Features: edible antioxidant superfruit with four season interest; clusters of small sweet berries; glossy foliage turns from red-green in spring to dark blue-green in summer to maroon-purple in fall; spreads like a ground cover to prevent shoreline soil erosion; attracts pollinators and provides food and protective cover for ground-nesting birds and other wildlife; great accent or edging plant
Pot size: 1 gallon
Price: $19.99

Wild ginger (Asarum canadense)

Dimensions: 6-12 in high, 1-1½ ft spread
Growing conditions: shade to part sun, moist soils preferred but tolerates dry conditions
Bloom time: May, June
Features: cup-shaped, maroon flowers are hidden from view by the foliage; rounded habit; moderate spreader; excellent substitute for lawn grass in shady, moist areas
Pot size: 4 inch pot
Price: $11.99

Wintergreen, checkerberry (Gaultheria procumbens)

Dimensions: 3-6 in high, 6-12 in spread
Growing conditions: evenly moist well drained soil but tolerates dry; filtered sun or shade
Bloom time: summer
Features: creeping, woody, evergreen groundcover with rounded leathery leaves forms loose rather than dense mats; edible red fruits have a minty flavor
Pot size: 1 gallon
Price: $15.99

Shrubs and Small Trees

Bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)

Dimensions: 5-10 ft high, 5-10 ft spread
Growing conditions: dry to medium, well-drained soils in full to part sun; tolerates clay and sandy soils
Bloom time: spring
Features: wide, upright habit and glossy-green, aromatic foliage; groupings of plants need at least one male plant to facilitate pollination of the female plants and subsequent fruit set; shrubs tend to sucker and may form sizable colonies in optimum growing conditions; good choice for poorer shoreline conditions because it tolerates salt spray; fruits attract birds
Pot size: 1 gallon
Price: $39.99

Beach plum (Prunus maritima)

Dimensions: 6-10 ft high, 6-10 ft spread
Growing conditions: moist to dry well drained soil in full sun
Bloom time: spring
Features: used along shoreline to stabilize sandy slopes; spreads by putting out suckers; grows more wide than tall; edible fruit is bitter or sour but attracts wildlife and is used to make jam, jelly, and wine
Pot size: 3 gallon
Price: $42.99

Black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa)

Dimensions: 3-8 ft high, 3-6 ft spread
Growing conditions: grows in both saturated wetlands and bone dry sandy soils in full to part sun
Bloom time: May
Features: highly adaptable, attractive ornamental shrub; grow well when planted under trees as understory or on woodland edge; shoreline tolerant; edible large, showy black berries are tart and used in wine, yogurt, and juice blends as well as attractive to wildlife; leaves turn a red-wine color in fall
Pot size: 3 gallon
Price: $39.99

Downy serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea)

Dimensions: 15-20 ft high, 15-20 ft spread
Growing conditions: well-drained soil in full sun to light shade; tolerant of a wide range of soils
Bloom time: early spring
Features: edible berries resemble blueberries in size and color and are often used in jams, jellies, and pies, as well as attracting birds; good fall color
Pot size: 3 gallon
Price: $49.99

Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis ‘Adams’ and Sambucus canadensis ‘York’)

Dimensions: 5-8 ft high, 5-8 ft spread
Growing conditions: full or part sun, dry to wet soil
Bloom time: May, June, July
Features: fast growing, thicket forming shrub with an informal, attractive habit of arching stems topped by clusters of plate size, flat topped white flowers producing soft dark purple berries; two varieties needed for pollination; nectar for small insects, edible fruit a source of food for birds and other wildlife as well as used in pies, jams, and wines; spreads by root suckers to form colonies
Pot size: 2 gallon
Price: $29.99

Highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum and Vaccinium corymbosum ‘Bluecrop’)

Dimensions: 6-8 ft high, 6-8 ft spread
Growing conditions: organically rich, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to light shade; thrive in Maine’s acidic soils
Bloom time: spring
Features: makes an effective border or hedge; shoreline tolerant; plant more than one variety for cross-pollination to produce the best fruit crop (larger berries and larger yields); edible fruits and blossoms provide nectar and food for butterflies and wildlife; turns striking rich orange and red in fall
Pot size: 1 gallon
Price: $16.99 for Vaccinium corymbosum; $19.99 for Vaccinium corymbosum ‘Bluecrop’

Nannyberry (Viburnum lentago)

Dimensions: 12-25 ft high, 6-12 ft spread
Growing conditions: dry, well-drained soil in full to part sun; performs well in about any soil
Bloom time: May
Features: large, upright, multi-stemmed, suckering, deciduous shrub; shoreline tolerant; flowers attract pollinators; edible fruit attracts wild- life and may be eaten off the bush when ripe or used in jams and jellies
Pot size: 2 gallon
Price: $39.99

Summersweet, sweet pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia)

Dimensions: 6-8 ft high, 4-6 ft spread
Growing conditions: prefers part shade and consistently moist, acidic, sandy soils; tolerates clay soils and full shade
Bloom time: late summer
Features: tall, many-branched, leafy shrub with spike-like, upright clusters of fragrant white flowers; shoreline tolerant; outstanding fall color; attracts bees, butterflies, hummingbirds and other birds
Pot size: 3 gallon
Price: $39.99

Sweetfern (Comptonia peregrina)

Dimensions: 2-5 ft high, 4-6 ft spread
Growing conditions: well-drained acidic soil in full to part sun; tolerates wet conditions and wind (including sheltered seashore areas), drought and a wide range of soils
Bloom time: April, May, June
Features: upright, deciduous shrub that, once established, can spread rapidly to form colonies; good for areas with poor soils and for stabilizing slopes or embankments along shoreline; neither sweet nor a fern, but foliage is aromatic with a distinctive mint like odor when crushed
Pot size: 1 gallon
Price: $24.99

Virginia rose (Rosa virginiana)

Dimensions: 2-5 ft high
Growing conditions: dry to moist soils in full sun
Bloom time: summer
Features: one of the best low maintenance roses, especially shoreline locations where it is often planted to act as a hedge (substitute for non-native rugosa); fragrant, single pink flowers turn into red hips that are edible when made into jams or steeped to make rose hips tea; glossy green foliage turns warm orange, red, and yellow in fall
Pot size: 2 gallon
Price: $29.99

Witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)

Dimensions: 15-20 ft high, 12-15 ft spread
Growing conditions: moist soil in full sun or some shade; grows best in protected spot
Bloom time: September, October, November
Features: multi stemmed habit; branches densely covered in pastel yellow flowers in fall lighting up the landscape; brilliant orange to bronze fall foliage; attracts birds
Pot size: 3 gallon
Price: $59.99