facebook

Native Plant Sale 2019

Are you inspired to turn your yard into critical habitat for local wildlife and pollinators? You can order high quality native plants to be picked up right here in Harpswell, while supporting Harpswell Heritage Land Trust. Order plants online, via email or mail or at our Making a Difference with Native Plants event. Please pick up your plants on Saturday, May 18 between 2 and 4 p.m. at Harpswell Heritage Land Trust, 153 Harpswell Neck Road.

Each year we offer a slightly different list of perennial flowers, groundcovers, shrubs and small trees. All of the plants we offer are native and have been recommended as sources of food for native butterflies, birds, bees, wasps and other wildlife. It is a good idea to include plants that flower in spring, summer and fall to provide a constant source of nectar. There are many good resources about native plants. If you’re looking for more information about the plants listed below and others, click here.

The plants come from O’Donal’s Nursery. All plants are guaranteed. O’Donal’s will replace them if they fail but will not offer a cash refund. O’Donal’s is selling these plants to Harpswell Heritage Land Trust at a discount. A portion of your purchase price supports HHLT’s conservation and education work.

Please note that all orders must be received by April 17 and payment is due when you pick up your plants on May 18 between 2 and 4 p.m.

Ready to order? You can do so in several ways.

Click here to order online.

Download and print a paper order form and drop it off at 153 Harpswell Neck Road; mail it to HHLT Plant Sale, PO Box 359, Harpswell, ME 04079; or scan and e-mail it to outreach@hhltmaine.org.

Perennial Flowers

Blue flag iris

Blue flag iris (Iris versicolor)

Price: $11.99

Dimensions:  2-3 ft. high, 2½ ft. spread

Growing conditions:  medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade; after fall frost, plant leaves may be trimmed back to about 1” above the crown; will naturalize to form clumps that spread slowly by tough, creeping rhizomes

Bloom time:  May, June

Features:  marginal aquatic plant that forms a clump of narrow, arching-to-erect, sword-shaped, blue-green leaves; flowering stalks rise from the clump in late spring, with with each stalk producing 3-5 bluish-purple flowers with bold purple veining; rhizome is poisonous

Cardinal flower (Lobelia cardinalis)

Price: $11.99

Dimensions:  2-4 ft. high, 1-2 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  acidic to neutral well drained soils in light shade to full sun; tolerates wet conditions

Bloom time: July, August, September

Features:  tall spikes of brilliant, rich red flowers attract pollinators, butterflies, and hummingbirds; good choice to line the edges of streams, ponds, or swampy areas; will self sow

Blue lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)

Price: $10.99

Dimensions:  2-3 ft. high, 1-1½ ft. spread

Growing conditions:  rich, humusy, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade; needs constant moisture

Bloom time: July, August, September

Features:  clump-forming perennial with light to dark blue, tubular, 2-lipped flowers; divide clumps in spring as needed; may self-seed in optimum growing conditions, forming attractive colonies; deer tolerant

Boneset or Joe Pye weed (Eupatorium perfoliatum)

Price: $14.99

Dimensions:  3-4 ft. high, 1½-2 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade; does well in both sandy and clay soils

Bloom time: August, September

Features:  large, hairy, clump-forming perennial that typically occurs in wet soils in woods, thickets, stream banks, meadows and prairies; tiny, white flowers arranged in fuzzy clusters top the stems; good size and late bloom for borders, native plant gardens, wildflower gardens, cottage gardens, woodland gardens or banks of ponds or water gardens; nectar attracts pollinators and butterflies, deer resistant

Blue stem, Sweet Joe Pye weed (Eupatorium purpureum)

Price: $11.99

Dimensions: 5-7 ft. high, 2-4 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  average, medium moisture soils in full sun to part shade; prefers moist, fertile, humusy soils which do not dry out; cut plants to the ground in late winter

Bloom time:  July, August, September

Features:  erect, clump-forming perennial; tiny, vanilla-scented, dull pinkish-purple flowers are very attractive to butterflies and give way to attractive seed heads which persist well into winter; deer resistant

Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa)

Price: $14.99

Dimensions:  2-3 ft. high, 1-2 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  evenly moist to slightly dry, well drained sandy soil as well as poor, gravely soil; full sun

Bloom time: summer

Features:  long lasting yellow-orange blooms in flat topped clusters; good cut flower; attracts beneficial pollinators, butterflies, hummingbirds, and songbirds, host plant for butterfly larva, deer resistant

Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

Price: $11.99

Dimensions:  2-4 ft. high, 1-2 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  prefers full sun, rich loamy soil, and moist conditions but tolerates partial sun and a high clay or sand content in the soil; shoreline tolerant

Bloom time: June, July, August

Features:  flowers attract pollinators, butterflies, and hummingbirds; host plant for Monarch butterfly larva

Canadian columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

Price: $10.99

Dimensions:  2-3 ft. high, 1-2 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  moist, well drained soils in full sun to part shade; appropriate for shoreline placement

Bloom time: May, June

Features: self sows to form large colonies; fernlike foliage with graceful nodding flowers excellent choice for naturalizing in woodlands or edges of woodland areas; attracts hummingbirds and butterflies, not rabbits or deer

Sweet coneflower (Rudbeckia subtomentosa)

Price: $14.99

Dimensions:  3-5 ft. high, 1-2 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  medium moisture soils that are well-drained loams in full sun; tolerates hot and humid summers and some drought

Bloom time: July, August, September, October

Features: place in borders, cottage gardens, prairies, meadows, native plant gardens or naturalized areas; deadhead to encourage additional flowers; good cut flower

Gayfeather or blazing star (Liatris ligulistylis)

Price: $11.99

Dimensions:  1-3 ft. high, ½-2 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun; somewhat tolerant of poor soils; prefers dry, sandy or rocky, alkaline soils; tolerant of summer heat and humidity

Bloom time:  July, August, September

Features: upright, clump-forming perennial with fluffy, thistle-like, deep rose-purple flower heads; adds vertical accent and late summer-to-fall bloom; attracts birds, hummingbirds, butterflies

Giant Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum commutatum)

Price: $11.99

Dimensions:  3-7 ft. high, 3-4 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in part shade to full shade; slowly spreads by rhizomes to form colonies in optimum growing conditions

Bloom time:  May, June

Features: graceful, arching stems from which dangle white bell flowers in late spring, followed by a crop of inedible but ornamental blue-black berries in the fall; excellent for cutting; beautiful in the woodland garden, combining well with ferns and hosta; turns bright golden-yellow in October

Ironweed (Vernonia noveboracensis)

Price: $10.99

Dimensions:  4-7 ft. high, 3-4 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  tolerates wide range of soils but prefers rich, moist, slightly acidic soils in full sun; overall plant height may be reduced by cutting back stems nearly to the ground in late spring

Bloom time:  August, September

Features: purple flowerheads attract butterflies and other beneficial insects feed on the nectar and pollen; nice cut flower

Early marsh marigold (Calthra palustris)

Price: $10.99

Dimensions:  1-1½ ft. high, 1-1½ ft. spread

Growing conditions:  full sun to part shade in shallow water at the margins of a pond or water garden or in wet, boggy soils; best flowering usually occurs in full sun

Bloom time:  April, May, June

Features: rhizomatous perennial neither looks like nor is related to marigolds, but belongs to the buttercup family, and its shiny yellow flowers indeed look very much like buttercups; flower buds may be cooked and pickled in vinegar for use as a substitute for capers, young leaves are also edible as cooked greens when boiled – no part of this plant should ever be eaten raw

Mountain mint (Pycnanthemum muticum)

Price: $8.99

Dimensions:  1-3 ft. high, 1-3 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  easily grown in fertile, moist to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade; vigorous grower may spread by rhizomes

Bloom time:  July, August, September

Features: dark green leaves have a strong mint-like (spearmint) aroma when crushed; silvery bracts give a mass planting the appearance of being dusted by a white powdery snow; flowers are attractive to butterflies and bees; leaves make mild tea

New England aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae – formerly Aster novae-angliae)

Price: $10.99

Dimensions:  3-6 ft. high, 2-3 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun; pinching back stems several times before mid-July will help control plant height and promote bushiness but also delay flowering; may self-seed

Bloom time:  August, September

Features: stout, leafy plant with a robust, upright habit, profuse bloom of daisy-like asters; flowers are attractive to butterflies

White wood aster (Eurybia divaricata – formerly Aster divaricatus)

Price: $10.99

Dimensions:  1-2½ ft. high, 1½ -2½ ft. spread

Growing conditions:  easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in part to full shade; thrives in shade and tolerates dry conditions

Bloom time:  August, September

Features: typically grows in the wild in dry open woods; small but abundant flowers attractive to butterflies

Wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

Price: $10.99

Dimensions:  1-2 ft high, 1-2 ft spread

Growing conditions:  evenly moist to slightly dry, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade

Bloom time:  May, June

Features: tall and spreading clump forming masses or drifts make a loose canopy; tolerates some intrusion by grass; attracts butterflies but not rabbits or deer

Wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

Price: $10.99

Dimensions:  2-4 ft. high, 2-3 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  best grown in dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade; deadhead flowers to prolong summer bloom; tends to self-seed

Bloom time:  July, August, September

Features: clump-forming member of the mint family; each flower head rests upon a whorl of showy, pinkish, leafy bracts; flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies

Wild nodding onion (Allium cernuum)

Price: $11.99

Dimensions:  1-1½ ft. high, ½ ft. spread

Growing conditions:  easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun to light shade; will naturalize by self-seeding and bulb offsets

Bloom time:  June, July, August

Features: clumps of flat, narrow, grass-like leaves and tiny bell-shaped, pink to lilac pink (occasionally white) flowers appear in loose, nodding clusters atop erect, leafless stems rising slightly above the foliage; all parts of this plant have an oniony smell when cut or bruised but not generally considered to be of culinary value

Ferns & Groundcovers

Cinnamon fern (Osmundastrum cinnamomeum)

Price: $17.99

Dimensions:  2-3 ft. high, 2-3 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  easily grown in medium to wet soils in part shade to full shade; prefers moist, rich, humusy, acidic soils, but adapts to lesser conditions

Bloom time:  non-flowering

Features:  typically grows in clumps; the common name of this plant is in reference to the cinnamon colored fibers found near the frond bases; birds use the fronds in nest building

Bog rosemary (Andromeda polifolia)

Price: $19.99

Dimensions:  6-20 in. high, 4 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  low-growing shrub inhabits mossy regions of bogs; grows in thick clumps up to 4 ft. wide

Bloom time:  May, June

Features: delicate nodding pink flowers; although it can self-pollinate, it is visited by bumblebees, honeybees, syrphid flies, and butterflies that gather its nectar; remains green all winter; while the leaves and common name resemble those of the popular cooking herb rosemary, the two are not related

Foam flower (Tiarella cordifolia)

Price: $10.99

Dimensions:  ½-1 ft. high, 1-2 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in part shade to full shade

Bloom time:  May

Features:  clump-forming perennial which spreads rapidly by runners to form dense clumps of foliage; tiny, white flowers with very long stamens that have a foamy texture; rabbit and deer tolerant

Lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)

Price: $19.99

Dimensions:  8-24 in. high, 3 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or full sun; prefers dry or moist soil

Bloom time:  May

Features: edible antioxidant superfruit with four season interest; clusters of small sweet berries; glossy foliage turns from red-green in spring to dark blue-green in summer to maroon-purple in fall; spreads like a ground cover to prevent shoreline soil erosion; attracts pollinators and provides food and protective cover for ground-nesting birds and other wildlife; great accent or edging plant

Wintergreen or checkerberry (Gaultheria procumbens)

Price: $19.99

Dimensions:  3-6 in. high, 6-12 in. spread

Growing conditions:  evenly moist well drained soil but tolerates dry; filtered sun or shade

Bloom time:  summer

Features: creeping, woody, evergreen groundcover with rounded leathery leaves forms loose rather than dense mats; edible red fruits have a minty flavor

Shrubs and Small Trees

Bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)

Price: $42.99

Dimensions:  5-10 ft. high, 5-10 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  dry to medium, well-drained soils in full to part sun; tolerates clay and sandy soils

Bloom time: spring

Features: wide, upright habit and glossy-green, aromatic foliage; groupings of plants need at least one male plant to facilitate pollination of the female plants; shrubs tend to sucker; good choice for poorer shoreline conditions because it tolerates salt spray; fruits attract birds

Beach plum (Prunus maritima)

Price: $39.99

Dimensions:  6-10 ft. high, 6-10 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  moist to dry well drained soil in full sun

Bloom time:  spring

Features:  used along shoreline to stabilize sandy slopes; spreads by putting out suckers; grows more wide than tall; edible fruit is bitter or sour but attracts wildlife and is used to make jam, jelly, and wine

Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)

Price: $49.99

Dimensions:  5-12 ft. high, 4-8 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  easily grown in moist, humusy soils in full sun to part shade; pruning is usually not necessary

Bloom time:  June

Features: deciduous shrub with an open-rounded habit; tiny, tubular, 5-lobed, fragrant white flowers very attractive to bees and butterflies and mature into hard spherical ball-like fruits

Virginia rose (Rosa virginiana)

Price: $29.99

Dimensions:  2-5 ft. high

Growing conditions:  dry to moist soils in full sun

Bloom time:  summer

Features:  one of the best low maintenance roses, especially shoreline locations where it is often planted to act as a hedge; fragrant, single pink flowers turn into red hips that are edible when made into jams or steeped to make rose hips tea; glossy green foliage turns warm orange, red, and yellow in fall

Sweet gale or bog myrtle (Myrica gale)

Price: $34.99

Dimensions:  1-3 ft. high, 3 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  grows in wetlands so tolerates moist soggy soil; can grow in a narrow band in the intertidal zone, especially if logs have been washed into the estuary on which to establish itself.

Bloom time: March, April

Features: aromatic, bluish, lance-shaped leaves are dotted above and below with yellow wax glands; greenish-yellow flowers (catkins) appear before the leaves – male and female on separate plants; spikes of clustered “cones” produce tiny winged nutlets; an important nitrogen-fixing plant in moist, boggy areas; foliage has a sweet resinous scent (member of the bayberry family) and is a traditional insect repellent – also traditionally in Royal Wedding bouquets; favored by beavers

Sweetfern (Comptonia peregrina)

Price: $22.99

Dimensions:  2-5 ft. high, 4-8 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade; adaptable to wet, wind (including sheltered seashore areas), drought, wide range of soils; can spread rapidly to form colonies

Bloom time:  April, May

Features: upright, deciduous shrub; insignificant yellowish-green flowers appear in spring and give way to greenish brown, burr-like nutlets; fixes its own nitrogen; foliage is aromatic and resembles that of ferns

Sweet pepperbush or summersweet (Clethra alnifolia)

Price: $39.99

Dimensions:  6-8 ft. high, 4-6 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  prefers part shade and consistently moist, acidic, sandy soils; tolerates clay soils and full shade

Bloom time: late summer

Features: tall, many-branched, leafy shrub with spike-like, upright clusters of fragrant white flowers; shoreline tolerant; outstanding fall color; attracts bees, butterflies, hummingbirds and other birds

Nannyberry viburnum (Viburnum lentago)

Price: $32.99

Dimensions:  12-25 ft. high, 6-12 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  dry, well-drained soil in full to part sun; performs in most soils

Bloom time: May

Features:  large, upright, multi-stemmed, suckering, deciduous shrub; shoreline tolerant; flowers attract pollinators; edible fruit attracts wildlife and may be eaten off the bush when ripe or used in jams and jellies

Native shadbush (Amelanchier canadensis)

Price: $49.99

Dimensions:  25-30 ft. high, 15-20 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade; tolerant of a wide range of soils

Bloom time:  spring

Features: fragrant white flowers bloom before leaves appear; nectar attracts butterflies and pollinators; flowers produce purple-black berries relished by birds, wildlife, and humans; butterfly larvae feed on leaves; colorful fall foliage

New Jersey tea (Ceanothus americanus)

Price: $19.99

Dimensions:  3-4 ft. high, 3-5 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade; thick, woody, red roots go deep and help plant withstand drought

Bloom time:  May, June, July

Features: compact, dense, rounded shrub; cylindrical clusters of tiny, fragrant, white flowers good for cutting; young twigs are noticeably yellow and stand out in winter; attracts hummingbirds and butterflies

Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)

Price: $39.99

Dimensions:  15-25 ft. high, 20-32 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  best grown in acidic, organically rich, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade; best in cool summer climates; provide consistent moisture and mulch root zone

Bloom time:  May, June

Features: small deciduous tree or large multi-stemmed shrub with small, fragrant, yellowish-white flowers becoming bluish-black fruits on red stalks and mature in late summer; attracts birds and butterflies

Pussy willow (Salix discolor)

Price: $39.99

Dimensions:  6-15 ft. high, 4-12 ft. spread

Growing conditions:  average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade; intolerant of dry soils; prune as needed in late winter to early spring; plants may be cut to the ground every 3-5 years to maintain a smaller shrub shape

Bloom time:  March, April

Features:  most often seen as a large multi-stemmed shrub; male and female catkins appear on separate plants – male trees produce a showy display of catkins that are pearl gray and silky (purportedly resemble the pads on a cat’s paw) and female trees produce smaller, less attractive, greenish catkins; good cut and dried; deer tolerant